Spring Temperature Data Set from New York and New England
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|Created:||Jul 14, 2018 at 5:09 p.m.|
|Last updated:||Feb 22, 2019 at 3:24 p.m. by Dallas Abbott|
|Citation:||See how to cite this resource|
Title: Dataset: Temperatures and flow rates for some springs in New York and New England, 2017-18
Authors: Dallas Abbott1, William Menke1, Juliette Lamoureux2, Dionne Hutson2 and Alyssa Marrero3
1Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, New York
2City College of New York, New York, New York
3Kingsborough Community College, Brooklyn, New York
Summary: In 2017-2018, we visited a suite of about 80 springs in New York and New England (USA). We measured water temperature with a Lascar EL-WIFI-TP digital temperature logger (0.1°C precision) at the closest accessible point to the source, which was usually the reservoir inside a spring house or the outflow pipe from a spring house. When both reservoir and outflow pipe were accessible, we found that temperatures agreed to within ±0.2°C. We also measured the flow rate of the spring with a bucket and a stopwatch, with a repeatability of about ±10%.
A temperature anomaly ∆T was determined for each spring by subtracting the annual average temperature at the spring site. Annually averaged temperatures are rarely available for spring sites but are available for airports via the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA’s) National Center for Environmental Information. We therefore used the annually-averaged temperature for the nearest airport (typically ~10-20 km away), corrected to the elevation of the spring using a lapse rate of 9.8°C/km.
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