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GroMoPo Metadata for Moghra Aquifer SEAWAT model

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Created: Feb 07, 2023 at 6:18 p.m.
Last updated: Feb 07, 2023 at 6:18 p.m.
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The Moghra aquifer has shown promise in land reclamation projects conducted in the Western Desert of Egypt. Although this aquifer has hundreds of pumping wells in new urban communities built to meet the needs of the increased population, the system is threatened by the phenomenon of seawater intrusion (SWI). The present study evaluates the degree to which these pumping wells will attract seawater to the aquifer system in the Western Desert region under different pumping conditions. Using the SEAWAT module of Groundwater Modeling System (GMS) software, a three-dimensional (3D) finite-difference model is built to simulate the flow and salinity distribution in the Moghra aquifer considering the geological and hydrogeological characteristics of the aquifer system. The procedure used to solve the mathematical model relied on merging two different approaches. The first approach described the dividing lines of the transition zone due to the SWI. The second approach was applied to conduct the perfect calibration process for the aquifer system. The results show that the flow and quality of the groundwater aquifer are affected by pumping. The water level and salinity are predicted under different pumping rates, a fivefold increase in the pumping rate results that the salinity increased between 4% and 26.8% according to the well location. Moreover, the drawdown values reached 162 m, which is about 46.3% of the saturated thickness.

Subject Keywords



Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
North Latitude
East Longitude
South Latitude
West Longitude


Additional Metadata

Name Value
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146710
Depth 1000
Scale < 10 000 km²
Layers 2-5 layers
Purpose groundwater resources;salt water intrusion
GroMoPo_ID 69
IsVerified True
Model Code SEAWAT
Model Link
Model Time SS
Model Year 2021
Model Authors Samar Mohamed Gomaa, Taher Mohammed Hassan, Esam Helal
Model Country Egypt
Data Available report/paper only
Developer Email
Dominant Geology Model focuses on multiple geologic materials
Developer Country Egypt
Publication Title Assessment of seawater intrusion under different pumping scenarios in Moghra aquifer, Egypt
Original Developer No
Additional Information
Integration or Coupling Solute transport
Evaluation or Calibration static water levels;contaminant concentrations
Geologic Data Availability

How to Cite

GroMoPo, D. Zamrsky (2023). GroMoPo Metadata for Moghra Aquifer SEAWAT model, HydroShare,

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.


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