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Induced Temperature Gradients to Examine Groundwater Flowpaths in Open Boreholes

Authors: Arnon, A.
Resource type:Composite Resource
Created:Mar 31, 2018 at 11:12 p.m.
Last updated: Apr 09, 2018 at 8:15 p.m. by CTEMPs OSU-UNR


Techniques for characterizing the hydraulic properties and groundwater flow processes of aquifers are essential to design hydrogeologic conceptual models. In this study, rapid time series temperature profiles within open‐groundwater wells in fractured rock were measured using fiber optic distributed temperature sensing (FO‐DTS). To identify zones of active groundwater flow, two continuous electrical heating cables were installed alongside a FO‐DTS cable to heat the column of water within the well and to create a temperature difference between the ambient temperature of the groundwater in the aquifer and that within the well. Additional tests were performed to examine the effects of pumping on hydraulic fracture interconnectivity around the well and to identify zones of increased groundwater flow. High‐ and low‐resolution FO‐DTS cable configurations were examined to test the sensitivities of the technique and compared with downhole video footage and geophysical logging to confirm the zones of active groundwater flow. Two examples are presented to demonstrate the usefulness of this new technique for rapid characterization of fracture zones in open boreholes. The combination of the FO‐DTS and heating cable has excellent scope as a rapid appraisal tool for borehole construction design and improving hydrogeologic conceptual models.

Raw project data is available by contacting ctemps@unr.edu

Subject Keywords

DTS,fiber optic,hydrogeologic,groundwater,CTEMPs

How to cite

Arnon, A. (2018). Induced Temperature Gradients to Examine Groundwater Flowpaths in Open Boreholes, HydroShare, http://www.hydroshare.org/resource/1de59a262329403ab5840683beb65476

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.


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Name Organization Address Phone Author Identifiers
Arnon, A.


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