Nooksack Temperature Lapse Rate Study
|Authors:||Jezra Beaulieu Christina Bandaragoda Claire Beveridge Nicoleta Cristea|
|Resource type:||Composite Resource|
|Storage:||The size of this resource is 172.0 MB|
|Created:||Nov 10, 2017 at 1:52 a.m.|
|Last updated:|| Jun 18, 2019 at 7:30 p.m.
|Citation:||See how to cite this resource|
Air temperature, ground temperature and relative humidity data was collected in a longitudinal transect of the Nooksack watershed at varying elevations from 500 - 1800 m above sea level. Data was collected by anchoring sensors from trees above winter snow levels and shaded from direct solar radiation. Paired sensors were also buried 3 cm under ground near each air temperature sensor to determine snow absence or presence. Selected sites included relative humidity sensors to indicate whether precipitation was occuring. Data was collected every 3-4 hours from May 2015 to Sept 2018 (with ongoing collection). Code for processing daily mean, minimum, maximum, and rates of temperature changes with elevation is available on Github (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3239539). The sensor download and intermediate data products are available on HydroShare with publicly accessible visualization available from the Nooksack Observatory at data.cuahsi.org.
Duplicate. Keyword not added.
Resource Level Coverage
Code for processing sub-daily temperature sensor data for analysis of elevation distributed micro-climatology processes in a coastal glaciated watershed. Code allows for visualization and publication of daily data in multiple formats (1) daily data in python dictionaries for analysis (2) daily data for visualization and download on HydroServer at data.cuahsi.org (ODM format), and (3) archive publication on the HydroShare repository (ODM2 format)).
Air temperature and relative humidity were collected on a longitudinal transect in the North Fork Nooksack River Watershed in Whatcom County, Washington using methods described in (Hubbart et al., 2005; Lundquist & Cayan, 2007; Lundquist & Lott, 2008). This code is useful for assessment of observations, especially lapse rates with increasing elevation and microclimatic influences. Every hydrologic model that we know of (circa 2019) uses a linear annual lapse rate (e.g. -6.5 C/km clear sky assumption; - 4.5 C/km North Cascades Mountain Range (Minder et al., 2010) to represent the change in temperature with elevation. We are collecting empirical evidence to test the hypothesis that high elevation temperature lapse rates in glaciated mountain peaks, especially in maritime climates, are linear. They may be curvy.
Preliminary data analysis from the North Fork Nooksack (northern flank of Mt. Baker) shows a consistent annual average (-4.4 C/km) to previous work (Minder et al., 2010). However, at the lowest elevations (~664m -1056m) the annual average lapse rate is ~ 2.3 C/km; at mid elevations (1056m- 1575m) the annual average lapse rate is ~ 5.4 C/km; at higher elevations (1575m-1743m) the annual average lapse rate is ~ -7.2 C/km. If mountain lapse rates are significantly different from modeled rates, this is expected to have significant implications for high elevation snow, glacier, and hydrologic model predictions.
Curvy is something to be proud of. -Paloma Faith
Data Publication: Bandaragoda, C., J. Beaulieu, N. Cristea, C. Beveridge, (2019). elevation distributed micro-climatology data in a coastal glaciated watershed, Data in Brief, (in preparation).
Data Resource: J. Beaulieu, Bandaragoda, C., C. Beveridge, N. Cristea (2019). Nooksack Temperature Lapse Rate Study, HydroShare, http://www.hydroshare.org/resource/2d9787bf36d04c9383e595d179f9298b
Code: C. Beveridge, N. Cristea, Bandaragoda, C., J. Beaulieu. (2019, June 5). nooksack-indian-tribe/CurvyLapseRate: Alpha release to create DOI for Nooksack Indian Tribe (Version v0.0.1-alpha). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3239539
Hubbart, J., Link, T., Campbell, C., & Cobos, D. (2005). Evaluation of a low‐cost temperature measurement system for environmental applications. Hydrological Processes: An International Journal, 19(7), 1517-1523.
Lundquist, J. D., & Cayan, D. R. (2007). Surface temperature patterns in complex terrain: Daily variations and long‐term change in the central Sierra Nevada, California. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 112(D11).
Lundquist, J.D. and Lott, F. 2008. Using inexpensive temperature sensors to monitor the duration and heterogeneity of snow-covered areas. Water Resour. Res., 44, W00D16, doi: 10.1029/2008WR007035.
Minder, J.R., Mote, P.W., Lundquist, J.D. 2010. Surface temperature lapse rates over complex terrains: Lessons from the Cascade Mountains. J. Geophys. Res. 115, D14122, doi:10.1029/2009JD013493.
|Derived From:||Sara Damiano, Anthony Aufdenkampe, Jeff Horsburgh, David Valentine, Amber Jones, Jacob Meline, … David Tarboton. (2019, May 13). ODM2/YODA-File: v0.1-alpha: Initial alpha release for testing (Version v0.1-alpha). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2796960|
|The content of this resource serves as the data for:||https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3239539|
|The content of this resource serves as the data for:||Data in Brief publication|
This resource was created using funding from the following sources:
|Agency Name||Award Title||Award Number|
|Bureau of Indian Affairs||Tribal Resilience Program|
|Bureau of Indian Affairs||Rights Protection Implementation|
|National Science Foundation||PREEVENTS TRACK 2: Integrated Modeling of Hydro-Geomorphic Hazards: Floods, Landslides and Sediment||1663859|
|National Science Foundation||Collaborative Research: SI2-SSI: Cyberinfrastructure for AdvancinHydrologic Knowledge through Collaborative Integration of Data Science, Modeling and Analysis||1664061|
|Susan Dickerson-Lange||Natural Systems Design|
|Jessica Lundquist||University of Washington||WA, US||2066857594|
|Oliver Grah||Nooksack Indian Tribe||5016 Deming Rd.||3605925140|
How to Cite
Version 2.0, January 2004
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR USE, REPRODUCTION, AND DISTRIBUTION
"License" shall mean the terms and conditions for use, reproduction,
and distribution as defined by Sections 1 through 9 of this document.
"Licensor" shall mean the copyright owner or entity authorized by
the copyright owner that is granting the License.
"Legal Entity" shall mean the union of the acting entity and all
other entities that control, are controlled by, or are under common
control with that entity. For the purposes of this definition,
"control" means (i) the power, direct or indirect, to cause the
direction or management of such entity, whether by contract or
otherwise, or (ii) ownership of fifty percent (50%) or more of the
outstanding shares, or (iii) beneficial ownership of such entity.
"You" (or "Your") shall mean an individual or Legal Entity
exercising permissions granted by this License.
"Source" form shall mean the preferred form for making modifications,
including but not limited to software source code, documentation
source, and configuration files.
"Object" form shall mean any form resulting from mechanical
transformation or translation of a Source form, including but
not limited to compiled object code, generated documentation,
and conversions to other media types.
"Work" shall mean the work of authorship, whether in Source or
Object form, made available under the License, as indicated by a
copyright notice that is included in or attached to the work
(an example is provided in the Appendix below).
"Derivative Works" shall mean any work, whether in Source or Object
form, that is based on (or derived from) the Work and for which the
editorial revisions, annotations, elaborations, or other modifications
represent, as a whole, an original work of authorship. For the purposes
of this License, Derivative Works shall not include works that remain
separable from, or merely link (or bind by name) to the interfaces of,
the Work and Derivative Works thereof.
"Contribution" shall mean any work of authorship, including
the original version of the Work and any modifications or additions
to that Work or Derivative Works thereof, that is intentionally
submitted to Licensor for inclusion in the Work by the copyright owner
or by an individual or Legal Entity authorized to submit on behalf of
the copyright owner. For the purposes of this definition, "submitted"
means any form of electronic, verbal, or written communication sent
to the Licensor or its representatives, including but not limited to
communication on electronic mailing lists, source code control systems,
and issue tracking systems that are managed by, or on behalf of, the
Licensor for the purpose of discussing and improving the Work, but
excluding communication that is conspicuously marked or otherwise
designated in writing by the copyright owner as "Not a Contribution."
"Contributor" shall mean Licensor and any individual or Legal Entity
on behalf of whom a Contribution has been received by Licensor and
subsequently incorporated within the Work.
2. Grant of Copyright License. Subject to the terms and conditions of
this License, each Contributor hereby grants to You a perpetual,
worldwide, non-exclusive, no-charge, royalty-free, irrevocable
copyright license to reproduce, prepare Derivative Works of,
publicly display, publicly perform, sublicense, and distribute the
Work and such Derivative Works in Source or Object form.
3. Grant of Patent License. Subject to the terms and conditions of
this License, each Contributor hereby grants to You a perpetual,
worldwide, non-exclusive, no-charge, royalty-free, irrevocable
(except as stated in this section) patent license to make, have made,
use, offer to sell, sell, import, and otherwise transfer the Work,
where such license applies only to those patent claims licensable
by such Contributor that are necessarily infringed by their
Contribution(s) alone or by combination of their Contribution(s)
with the Work to which such Contribution(s) was submitted. If You
institute patent litigation against any entity (including a
cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit) alleging that the Work
or a Contribution incorporated within the Work constitutes direct
or contributory patent infringement, then any patent licenses
granted to You under this License for that Work shall terminate
as of the date such litigation is filed.
4. Redistribution. You may reproduce and distribute copies of the
Work or Derivative Works thereof in any medium, with or without
modifications, and in Source or Object form, provided that You
meet the following conditions:
(a) You must give any other recipients of the Work or
Derivative Works a copy of this License; and
(b) You must cause any modified files to carry prominent notices
stating that You changed the files; and
(c) You must retain, in the Source form of any Derivative Works
that You distribute, all copyright, patent, trademark, and
attribution notices from the Source form of the Work,
excluding those notices that do not pertain to any part of
the Derivative Works; and
(d) If the Work includes a "NOTICE" text file as part of its
distribution, then any Derivative Works that You distribute must
include a readable copy of the attribution notices contained
within such NOTICE file, excluding those notices that do not
pertain to any part of the Derivative Works, in at least one
of the following places: within a NOTICE text file distributed
as part of the Derivative Works; within the Source form or
documentation, if provided along with the Derivative Works; or,
within a display generated by the Derivative Works, if and
wherever such third-party notices normally appear. The contents
of the NOTICE file are for informational purposes only and
do not modify the License. You may add Your own attribution
notices within Derivative Works that You distribute, alongside
or as an addendum to the NOTICE text from the Work, provided
that such additional attribution notices cannot be construed
as modifying the License.
You may add Your own copyright statement to Your modifications and
may provide additional or different license terms and conditions
for use, reproduction, or distribution of Your modifications, or
for any such Derivative Works as a whole, provided Your use,
reproduction, and distribution of the Work otherwise complies with
the conditions stated in this License.
5. Submission of Contributions. Unless You explicitly state otherwise,
any Contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the Work
by You to the Licensor shall be under the terms and conditions of
this License, without any additional terms or conditions.
Notwithstanding the above, nothing herein shall supersede or modify
the terms of any separate license agreement you may have executed
with Licensor regarding such Contributions.
6. Trademarks. This License does not grant permission to use the trade
names, trademarks, service marks, or product names of the Licensor,
except as required for reasonable and customary use in describing the
origin of the Work and reproducing the content of the NOTICE file.
7. Disclaimer of Warranty. Unless required by applicable law or
agreed to in writing, Licensor provides the Work (and each
Contributor provides its Contributions) on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or
implied, including, without limitation, any warranties or conditions
of TITLE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY, or FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. You are solely responsible for determining the
appropriateness of using or redistributing the Work and assume any
risks associated with Your exercise of permissions under this License.
8. Limitation of Liability. In no event and under no legal theory,
whether in tort (including negligence), contract, or otherwise,
unless required by applicable law (such as deliberate and grossly
negligent acts) or agreed to in writing, shall any Contributor be
liable to You for damages, including any direct, indirect, special,
incidental, or consequential damages of any character arising as a
result of this License or out of the use or inability to use the
Work (including but not limited to damages for loss of goodwill,
work stoppage, computer failure or malfunction, or any and all
other commercial damages or losses), even if such Contributor
has been advised of the possibility of such damages.
9. Accepting Warranty or Additional Liability. While redistributing
the Work or Derivative Works thereof, You may choose to offer,
and charge a fee for, acceptance of support, warranty, indemnity,
or other liability obligations and/or rights consistent with this
License. However, in accepting such obligations, You may act only
on Your own behalf and on Your sole responsibility, not on behalf
of any other Contributor, and only if You agree to indemnify,
defend, and hold each Contributor harmless for any liability
incurred by, or claims asserted against, such Contributor by reason
of your accepting any such warranty or additional liability.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
Copyright 2019 Nooksack Indian Tribe and University of Washington
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
Please wait for the process to complete.