Potential Impacts of Future Extreme Precipitation Changes on Flood Engineering Design across the Contiguous United States


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Created: Oct 27, 2021 at 11:49 p.m.
Last updated: Mar 30, 2022 at 7:11 p.m.
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Content types: Multidimensional Content 
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Abstract

The intensification of extreme precipitation in a warming climate is expected to increase flood risk. In order to support flood resilience efforts, it is important to anticipate and quantify potential changes in design standards under future climate conditions. This study assessed how extreme precipitation is expected to change over the 21st century in relation to current National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Atlas 14 design standards over the contiguous United States (CONUS). We used the Community Earth System Model Version 2 large ensemble (CESM2-LE) simulations from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 and incorporated future changes into flood engineering design standard with a spatially distributed quantile delta mapping method. Relative changes in extreme daily precipitation were computed for multiple average recurrence intervals (ARIs) up to 100-yr and different planning horizons (2020, 2040, 2060, 2080, and 2100). The results indicated an intensification of extreme precipitation by approximately 10-40% in northern regions and 20-80% in southern regions by 2100. The current 100-yr ARI with 24-hour duration from NOAA Atlas 14 is projected to become the 50-yr ARI in the Northern Great Plains, less than the 25-yr ARI in Southwest areas, and approximately the 25-yr ARI in the other regions by 2100. While a nationwide consensus is still needed, this work presents a possible methodology for incorporating climate uncertainty in engineering design. A comparison across major metropolitan areas also illustrates regional variability in projected changes relative to NOAA Atlas 14, suggesting a need for varied local-scale responses.

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Resource Level Coverage

Spatial

Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
Contiguous United States
North Latitude
49.4764°
East Longitude
-67.5000°
South Latitude
24.9738°
West Longitude
-125.0000°

Temporal

Start Date:
End Date:

Content

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The following web services are available for data contained in this resource. Geospatial Feature and Raster data are made available via Open Geospatial Consortium Web Services. The provided links can be copied and pasted into GIS software to access these data. Multidimensional NetCDF data are made available via a THREDDS Data Server using remote data access protocols such as OPeNDAP. Other data services may be made available in the future to support additional data types.

Related Resources

The content of this resource is derived from https://www.cesm.ucar.edu/projects/community-projects/LENS2/
This resource is described by https://doi.org/10.1029/2021WR031432
The content of this resource is derived from https://esd.copernicus.org/articles/12/1393/2021/
This resource is referenced by https://doi.org/10.1029/2021WR031432
This resource is required by https://github.com/gcoelho2/precip_change

How to Cite

Coelho, G. d. A. (2022). Potential Impacts of Future Extreme Precipitation Changes on Flood Engineering Design across the Contiguous United States, HydroShare, http://www.hydroshare.org/resource/43284961edd6472b9f7735a2e9ef3d31

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution-NoCommercial-ShareAlike CC BY-NC-SA.

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
CC-BY-NC-SA

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