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Data from Johnston et al. (2017), Electrical resistivity, electromagnetic, and geochemical data characterizing acid mine drainage in Lion Creek, Empire, Colorado, USA
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|Created:||Mar 23, 2020 at 4:46 p.m.|
|Last updated:|| Mar 24, 2020 at 8:29 p.m.
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This file includes the data published in: Johnston, A.J., Runkel, R.L., Navarre-Sitchler, A. and Singha, K. (2017). Exploration of diffuse and discrete sources of acid mine drainage to a headwater mountain stream in Colorado, USA. Mine Water and the Environment, doi:10.1007/s10230-017-0452-6, 16 p.
We investigated the impact of acid mine drainage (AMD) contamination from the Minnesota Mine, an inactive gold and silver mine, on Lion Creek, a headwater mountain stream near Empire, Colorado. The objective was to map the sources of AMD contamination, including discrete sources visible at the surface and diffuse inputs that were not readily apparent. This was achieved using geochemical sampling, in-stream and in-seep fluid electrical conductivity (EC) logging, and electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) of the subsurface. The low pH of the AMD-impacted water correlated to high fluid EC values that served as a target for the ERI. From ERI, we identified two likely sources of diffuse contamination entering the stream: (1) the subsurface extent of two seepage faces visible on the surface, and (2) rainfall runoff washing salts deposited on the streambank and in a tailings pile on the east bank of Lion Creek. Additionally, rainfall leaching through the tailings pile is a potential diffuse source of contamination if the subsurface beneath the tailings pile is hydraulically connected with the stream. In-stream fluid EC was lowest when stream discharge was highest in early summer and then increased throughout the summer as stream discharge decreased, indicating that the concentration of dissolved solids in the stream is largely controlled by mixing of groundwater and snowmelt. Total dissolved solids (TDS) load is greatest in early summer and displays a large diel signal. Identification of diffuse sources and variability in TDS load through time should allow for more targeted remediation options.
|This resource is referenced by||Johnston, A.J., Runkel, R.L., Navarre-Sitchler, A. and Singha, K. (2017). Exploration of diffuse and discrete sources of acid mine drainage to a headwater mountain stream in Colorado, USA. Mine Water and the Environment, doi:10.1007/s10230-017-0452-6, 16 p.|
People or Organizations that contributed technically, materially, financially, or provided general support for the creation of the resource's content but are not considered authors.
|Robert L. Runkel||U.S. Geological Survey|
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