GRACE-based Standardized Drought Indices over East Africa for 2002-2016
|Resource type:||Composite Resource|
|Storage:||The size of this resource is 278.3 MB|
|Created:||Mar 10, 2019 at 6:19 p.m.|
|Last updated:||Mar 10, 2019 at 8:10 p.m. by Kimberly Slinski|
|Citation:||See how to cite this resource|
This dataset contains standardized drought indexes (SIs) over East Africa derived from total water storage anomaly (TWSA) observations from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission. We obtained the RL05M.1 CRI Filtered Version 2 (Wiese et al., 2016, Watkins et al., 2015) monthly mass grids of the NASA JPL global mascon solution from the JPL’s GRACE TELLUS site. TWSAs for 40 mascons covering East Africa were extracted from the dataset for May, 2002 through August, 2016. Observations collected between the 10th and 20th day of the month were retained as the SI dataset. The resulting SI dataset did not contain data for several months due to missing observations in the global mascon solution dataset or because the observation for the month was not between the 10th and 20th day of the month. The missing values were interpolated and the final SI dataset contains a TWSA value for each mascon for each month from May, 2002 through August, 2016. 1-month, 3-month, and 6-month standardized drought indexes were calculated following the nonparametric approach described by Farahman and AghaKouchak (2015). This methodology derives the SI using the empirical Gringorten plotting position (Gringorten, 1963).
The SI dataset contains the following fields:
• ID: mascon ID assigned by NASA JPL
• Year: year of the SI
• Month: month of the SI
• SI1Mo: one-month SI
• SI3Mo: three-month SI
• SI6Mo: six-month SI
This dataset was created on April 20, 2017. Figures mapping the drought indices by year are presented with the dataset.
Farahmand, A., & AghaKouchak, A. (2015). A generalized framework for deriving nonparametric standardized drought indicators. Advances in Water Resources, 76, 140–145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2014.11.012
Gringorten, I. I. (1963). A plotting rule for extreme probability paper. Journal of Geophysical Research, 68(3), 813–814. https://doi.org/10.1029/JZ068i003p00813
Watkins, M. M., Wiese, D. N., Yuan, D.-N., Boening, C., & Landerer, F. W. (2015). Improved methods for observing Earth’s time variable mass distribution with GRACE using spherical cap mascons: Improved Gravity Observations from GRACE. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 120(4), 2648–2671. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JB011547
D. N. Wiese, D.-N. Yuan, C. Boening, F. W. Landerer, M. M. Watkins. 2016. JPL GRACE Mascon Ocean, Ice, and Hydrology Equivalent Water Height RL05M.1 CRI Filtered Version 2. Ver. 2. PO.DAAC, USA. Dataset accessed [2017-02-07] at http://dx.doi.org/10.5067/TEMSC-2LCR5.
Resource Level Coverage
|Derived From:||D. N. Wiese, D.-N. Yuan, C. Boening, F. W. Landerer, M. M. Watkins. 2016. JPL GRACE Mascon Ocean, Ice, and Hydrology Equivalent Water Height RL05M.1 CRI Filtered Version 2. Ver. 2. PO.DAAC, USA. Dataset accessed [2017-02-07] at http://dx.doi.org/10.5067/TEMSC-2LCR5.|
This resource was created using funding from the following sources:
|Agency Name||Award Title||Award Number|
|National Science Foundation||Graduate Research Fellowship||DGE-1057607|
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