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GroMoPo Metadata for Gaza Strip SWAT-MODFLOW model

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Created: Apr 13, 2023 at 2:47 p.m.
Last updated: Apr 13, 2023 at 2:48 p.m.
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In this study, a 3-D groundwater flow model was developed using MODFLOW-USG to investigate the groundwater levels within the Gaza coastal aquifer. Recharge estimation is based on a comprehensive approach including the connection to a surface water model (SWAT) for determining percolation from rainfall as well as detailed approaches regarding further recharge components. An unstructured grid (Voronoi cells) generated by MODFLOW-USG engine was used to reduce run time within complicated aquifer boundary conditions. The results indicate a very good fit between measured and simulated heads. Long-term forecasting (2004-2030) of the groundwater levels was carried out as an essential step to support realistic and sustainable water resources planning and decision making. The increasing built-up area was linked to the potential impacts of urban expansion relating to water supply quantities and groundwater recharge components. The percolation was reduced temporally and spatially in the forecasting period based on the projected built-up area as well as an urban-percolation index. Considering the current management situation, the annual groundwater level correlated negatively with the increasing built-up area; the regression line slope was -0.056 m/km(2) for the average groundwater levels while it became steeper at -0.23 m/km(2) in sensitive locations in the southern part of the Gaza Strip. The groundwater level trend index was developed as a spatial indicator for the appropriate management alternatives that can achieve less negative trend index.

Subject Keywords



Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
North Latitude
East Longitude
South Latitude
West Longitude


Additional Metadata

Name Value
DOI 10.1007/s12517-015-1971-8
Depth N/A
Scale 1 001 - 10 000 km²
Layers 7
Purpose Groundwater resources, Decision support
GroMoPo_ID 2047
IsVerified True
Model Code MODFLOW
Model Link
Model Time 2004-2010
Model Year 2015
Creator Email
Model Country Palestine
Data Available Report/paper only
Developer Email;;
Dominant Geology Siliciclastic sedimentary (sandstones, shales)
Developer Country Germany
Publication Title Potential impacts of urban area expansion on groundwater level in the Gaza Strip: a spatial-temporal assessment
Original Developer No
Additional Information N/A
Integration or Coupling None of the above
Evaluation or Calibration Dynamic water levels
Geologic Data Availability No

How to Cite

GroMoPo, K. Compare (2023). GroMoPo Metadata for Gaza Strip SWAT-MODFLOW model, HydroShare,

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.


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