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Thermal-Plume fibre Optic Tracking (T-POT) test for flow velocity measurement in groundwater boreholes

Authors: Read, T.
Resource type:Composite Resource
Created:Mar 31, 2018 at 9:46 p.m.
Last updated: Apr 09, 2018 at 8:22 p.m. by CTEMPs OSU-UNR


We develop an approach for measuring in-well fluid velocities using point electrical heating combined with spatially and temporally continuous temperature monitoring using Distributed Temperature Sensing (DTS). The method uses a point heater to warm a discrete volume of water. The rate of advection of this plume, once the heating is stopped, equates to the average flow velocity in the well. We conducted Thermal-Plume fibre Optic Tracking (T-POT) tests in a borehole in a fractured rock aquifer with the heater at the same depth and multiple pumping rates. Tracking of the thermal plume peak allowed the spatially varying velocity to be estimated up to 50 m downstream from the heating point, depending on the pumping rate. The T-POT technique can be used to estimate the velocity throughout long intervals provided that thermal dilution due to inflows, dispersion, or cooling by conduction do not render the thermal pulse unresolvable with DTS. A complete flow log may be obtained by deploying the heater at multiple depths, or with multiple point heaters.

Raw project data is available by contacting ctemps@unr.edu

Subject Keywords

DTS,fluid velocities,fiber optic,thermal plume,CTEMPs

How to cite

Read, T. (2018). Thermal-Plume fibre Optic Tracking (T-POT) test for flow velocity measurement in groundwater boreholes, HydroShare, http://www.hydroshare.org/resource/6ae64b4fe9c9483685ef07f12e3a9a06

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.


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The people or organizations that created the intellectual content of the resource.

Name Organization Address Phone Author Identifiers
Read, T.


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