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Introductory groundwater laboratory exercise for in-person and online teaching modes

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Type: Resource
Storage: The size of this resource is 141.7 MB
Created: Feb 08, 2022 at 8:31 a.m.
Last updated: Apr 13, 2022 at 9:14 p.m.
DOI: 10.4211/hs.7f6295a88f2743a58e3447db650df0d2
Citation: See how to cite this resource
Sharing Status: Published
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This resource includes parallel online and in-person versions of an introductory laboratory exercise focused on groundwater. A pre-lab activity introduces students to the concept of groundwater as a resource and its flow. In the lab exercise, students make either in-person or virtual measurements of groundwater levels in a network of wells and create a contour map of the water table. Students will determine how the lake is connected to groundwater, what the differences are between lake water and groundwater quality, and whether the groundwater is likely to be potable. Specific educational goals of the exercise are to introduce students to the concept of groundwater and how it flows, gain confidence collecting environmental data, and learn to make and interpret a contour map. The exercise is geographically situated in the Mirror Lake Water Science Learning Laboratory, an outdoor laboratory space in the heart of The Ohio State University’s Main Campus in Columbus, Ohio (USA). Materials can be adapted for other observational well networks. The content is appropriate for general education or introductory classes in earth or environmental science, geology, and environmental engineering.

Subject Keywords



Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
Ohio State University


Additional Metadata

Name Value
Metadata Contents: GroundwaterPrelabActivity.docx: Intended for in-person and online students (pre-lab activity, consisting of reading and questions) / GroundwaterLab_inperson.docx: Intended for in-person students (main lab activity) / GroundwaterLab_online.docx: Intended for online students (main lab activity) / GroundwaterLab_map.pptx: Intended for in-person and online students (editable contour map that students can use to make their own maps) / well2.MOV: Intended for online students (video of the measurement process) / MirrorLakeGroundwaterMeasurements.docx: Intended for online students (photographs needed to complete the main lab activity) / GroundwaterPrelabActivity_KEY.docx: Intended for instructors of in-person and online students (key for pre-lab activity) / GroundwaterLab_KEY.docx: Intended for instructors of in-person and online students (key for main lab activity) / GroundwaterLab_map_KEY.pptx: Intended for instructors of in-person and online students (editable contour map with reasonable answers for the online version of the lab)


Funding Agencies

This resource was created using funding from the following sources:
Agency Name Award Title Award Number
National Science Foundation CAREER: Dynamic water table controls on reactive solute transport near the groundwater-surface water interface EAR-1752995


People or Organizations that contributed technically, materially, financially, or provided general support for the creation of the resource's content but are not considered authors.

Name Organization Address Phone Author Identifiers
Stephen Volkmann Ohio State University

How to Cite

Sawyer, A. H., J. Cervenec, J. Schulze (2022). Introductory groundwater laboratory exercise for in-person and online teaching modes, HydroShare,

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.


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