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GroMoPo Metadata for Upper Chaj Doab model

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Created: Feb 06, 2023 at 8:31 p.m.
Last updated: Feb 06, 2023 at 8:31 p.m.
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A 3-D finite element model (Feflow) has been used for regional groundwater flow modelling of Upper Chaj Doab in Indus Basin, Pakistan. The thematic layers of soils, landuse, hydrology, infrastructure and climate were developed using Geographic Information System (GIS). The numerical groundwater flow model is developed to configure the groundwater equipotential surface, hydraulic head gradient and estimation of the groundwater budget of the aquifer. Integration of GIS with groundwater modelling and satellite remote sensing capabilities has provided an efficient way of analysing and monitoring groundwater status and its associated land conditions. The Arcview GIS software is used as additive tool to develop supportive data for numerical groundwater modelling, integration and presentation of image processing and modelling results. The groundwater behaviour of the regional model shows a gradual decline in watertable from year 1999 onward. The persistent dry condition and high withdrawal rates play an influential role in lowering down the groundwater levels. Different scenarios were developed to study the impact of extreme climatic conditions (drought/flood) and variable groundwater abstraction on the regional groundwater system. The results of the study provide useful information regarding the behaviour of aquifer in order to organize management schemes on local and regional basis to monitor future groundwater development in the area.

Subject Keywords



Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
North Latitude
East Longitude
South Latitude
West Longitude


Additional Metadata

Name Value
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03708.x
Depth 107
Scale < 100 000 km²
Layers 2-5 layers
Purpose groundwater resources
GroMoPo_ID 16
IsVerified True
Model Code Feflow
Model Link
Model Time 1999-2020
Model Year 2008
Model Authors A. Ashraf, Z. Ahmad
Model Country Pakistan
Data Available report/paper only
Developer Email
Dominant Geology Model focuses on multiple geologic materials
Developer Country Pakistan
Publication Title Regional groundwater flow modelling of Upper Chaj Doab of Indus Basin, Pakistan using finite element model (Feflow) and geoinformatics
Original Developer No
Additional Information Location: Upper Chaj Doab area in Indus basin, Pakistan
Integration or Coupling decision support tools of geoinformatics
Evaluation or Calibration dynamic water levels
Geologic Data Availability

How to Cite

GroMoPo, D. Kretschmer (2023). GroMoPo Metadata for Upper Chaj Doab model, HydroShare,

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.


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