Dataset for "Evidence for widespread woody plant use of water stored in bedrock"


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Resource type: Composite Resource
Storage: The size of this resource is 3.6 GB
Created: Apr 11, 2021 at 4:51 p.m.
Last updated: Aug 14, 2021 at 9:13 p.m.
DOI: 10.4211/hs.a2f0d5fd10f14cd189a3465f72cba6f3
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Abstract

In the past several decades, field studies have shown that woody plants can access substantial volumes of water from the pores and fractures of bedrock. If, like soil moisture, rock moisture serves as an important source of plant-available water, then conceptual paradigms regarding water and carbon cycling may need to be revised to incorporate bedrock properties and processes. Here we present a lower-bound estimate of the contribution of bedrock water storage to transpiration across the continental United States using distributed, publicly available datasets. Temporal and spatial patterns of bedrock water use across the continental United States indicate that woody plants extensively and routinely access rock moisture for transpiration across diverse climates and biomes. Bedrock water access is not confined to extreme drought conditions. On an annual basis in California, the volumes of bedrock water transpiration exceed the volumes of water stored in human-made reservoirs, and woody vegetation that accesses bedrock water accounts for over 50 per cent of the aboveground carbon stocks in the state. Our findings indicate that, like soil moisture, rock moisture is a critical component of terrestrial water and carbon cycling.

CODE AVAILABLE ON GITHUB: https://github.com/erica-mccormick/widespread-bedrock-water-use
FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE WEBPAGE: https://erica-mccormick.github.io/widespread-bedrock-water-use/

Subject Keywords

Resource Level Coverage

Spatial

Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
Continental United States
North Latitude
51.0577°
East Longitude
-58.9977°
South Latitude
22.9014°
West Longitude
-133.7047°

Temporal

Start Date:
End Date:

Content

readme.md

All data used in the manuscript “Evidence for widespread woody plant use of water stored in bedrock.”

See webpage for links to publicly available data resources and for more information on code and data availability.

CODE AVAILABILITY

DOI
GitHub repository

DATA INPUTS AND PRODUCTS

FILE STRUCTURE SUMMARY

All .tifs at 500 m resolution unless otherwise noted.

├── csvs_for_plotting
│   ├── df_TWI_regression_vals.csv
│   └── df_figure4.csv
└── database_rooting_into_bedrock.csv
└── tifs.zip
├── deficits
│ ├── Dbedrock
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2004.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2005.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2006.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2007.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2008.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2009.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2010.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2011.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2012.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2013.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2014.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2015.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2016.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2017.tif
│ │ └── Dbedrock_count_years_gt0.tif #years of positive Dbedrock used in Figure 1
│ ├── Dbedrock_no_masking
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2004_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2005_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2006_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2007_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2008_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2009_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2010_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2011_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2012_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2013_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2014_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2015_nomask.tif
│ │ ├── Dbedrock_2016_nomask.tif
│ │ └── Dbedrock_2017_nomask.tif
│ ├── Sbedrock.tif
│ ├── Sbedrock_dividedby_Sr.tif
│ └── Sr.tif
├── masks
│ ├── masks_all_combined.tif
│ ├── mask_shallowBedrock.tif
│ └── mask_woodyVeg.tif
│ └── mask_ET_gt_P.tif
└── products_used
├── MAP_PRISM_2003_2017.tif # mean annual precipitation (mm) calculated using PRISM daily precip (2003 to 2017)
└── gNATSGO
├── Ssoil_500m.tif
├── densic_bedrock_depth_90m.tiff
├── lithic_bedrock_depth_90m.tiff
└── paralithic_bedrock_depth_90m.tiff

References

Related Resources

This resource is described by: https://erica-mccormick.github.io/widespread-bedrock-water-use/
The content of this resource can be executed by: http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4904037 and https://github.com/erica-mccormick/widespread-bedrock-water-use
The content of this resource serves as the data for: McCormick, E., Dralle, D.N,, Hahm, W.J., Tune, A., Schmidt, L., Chadwick, K.D., Rempe, D. (2021). Accepted, Nature. http://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-021-03761-3

How to Cite

McCormick, E. L., D. Dralle, W. J. Hahm, A. Tune, L. Schmidt, D. Chadwick, D. Rempe (2021). Dataset for "Evidence for widespread woody plant use of water stored in bedrock", HydroShare, https://doi.org/10.4211/hs.a2f0d5fd10f14cd189a3465f72cba6f3

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.

 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
CC-BY

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