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Annual Irrigation Maps - High Plains Aquifer (AIM-HPA, Deines et al. 2019)

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Type: Resource
Storage: The size of this resource is 920.7 MB
Created: Aug 27, 2019 at 5:09 a.m.
Last updated: Sep 17, 2019 at 4:59 a.m.
DOI: 10.4211/hs.a371fd69d41b4232806d81e17fe4efcb
Citation: See how to cite this resource
Content types: Geographic Raster Content 
Sharing Status: Published
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This resource is a repository of the map products for the Annual Irrigation Maps - High Plains Aquifer (AIM-HPA) dataset produced from Landsat satellite data in Deines et al. 2019. The maps cover a 608,260 km2 area across the High Plains Aquifer in the United States. AIM-HPA provides annual irrigation maps for 34 years (1984-2017). Please see Deines et al. 2019 for full details. If needed, copies can be requested from the author at

Preferred citation:
Deines, J.M., A.D. Kendall, M.A. Crowley, J. Rapp, J.A. Cardille, and D.W. Hyndman. 2019. Mapping three decades of annual irrigation across the US High Plains Aquifer using Landsat and Google Earth Engine. Remote Sensing of Environment 233:111400. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2019.111400

Map Metadata:
Map products are projected in EPSG:5070 - CONUS Albers Equal Area, NAD83
Resolution: 30 m
Raster value key:
0 = NoData, outside of study boundary
1 = Irrigated
2 = Not irrigated

Corresponding author: Jillian Deines,

Disclaimer: Irrigation maps are produced for research purposes and have an associated classification accuracy estimated to be ~91%. Overall, they are able to capture about 85% of the variation in county irrigated area statistics provided by USDA NASS. Please see Deines et al. 2019 for further detail on the methods underlying map production and estimated accuracies across years.

AIM-HPA can also be accessed directly from Google Earth Engine via the following publicly shared asset ID: "projects/h2yo/IrrigationMaps/AIM/AIM-HPA/AIM-HPA_Deines_etal_RSE_v01_1984-2017"
Example: var aimhpa = ee.Image("projects/h2yo/IrrigationMaps/AIM/AIM-HPA/AIM-HPA_Deines_etal_RSE_v01_1984-2017");
Example GEE code editor script for exporting maps from GEE:

Subject Keywords



Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
North Latitude
East Longitude
South Latitude
West Longitude


Start Date:
End Date:


Data Services

The following web services are available for data contained in this resource. Geospatial Feature and Raster data are made available via Open Geospatial Consortium Web Services. The provided links can be copied and pasted into GIS software to access these data. Multidimensional NetCDF data are made available via a THREDDS Data Server using remote data access protocols such as OPeNDAP. Other data services may be made available in the future to support additional data types.


Funding Agencies

This resource was created using funding from the following sources:
Agency Name Award Title Award Number
National Science Foundation CLASS: Coupled Landscape, Atmospheric, and Socioeconomic Systems (High Plains Aquifer) WSC 1039180
NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship Program Groundwater and Economic Sustainability in Agricultural Systems Under Climate Change: A Coupled Human-Natural Systems Approach 14-EARTH14F-198
USDA NIFA Developing and Promoting Water-, Nutrient-, and Climate-Smart Technologies to Help US Agricultural Systems Adapt to Climate and Social Changes 2015-68007-23133
INFEWS, supported by NSF and USDA-NIFA Developing Pathways Toward Sustainable Irrigation across the United States Using Process-based Systems Models (SIRUS) 2018-67003-27406

How to Cite

Deines, J. M., A. D. Kendall, M. A. Crowley, J. Rapp, J. A. Cardille, D. W. Hyndman (2019). Annual Irrigation Maps - High Plains Aquifer (AIM-HPA, Deines et al. 2019), HydroShare,

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.


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