IntegratingEcosystemPatchContributionsStreamCO2CH4_Data


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Created: Feb 25, 2021 at 6:57 p.m.
Last updated: Aug 19, 2021 at 2:50 p.m.
DOI: 10.4211/hs.ab2b33f27b3b4a0ca9a8ce4b8936753f
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Abstract

The heterogeneity of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) sources within and across watersheds presents a challenge to understanding the contributions of different ecosystem patch types to stream corridor and watershed carbon cycling. Changing hydrologic connections between corridor patches (e.g., stream, riparian wetland, hillslope) can influence stream corridor greenhouse gas emissions, but the spatiotemporal dynamics of emissions within and among corridor patches are not well-quantified. To identify patterns and sources of carbon emissions across stream corridors, we measured gas concentrations and fluxes over two summers at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, NC. We sampled CO2 and CH4 along four stream channels (including flowing and dry reaches), adjacent wetlands, and riparian hillslopes. Stream CO2 and CH4 emissions were spatially heterogeneous. All streams were sources of CO2 to the atmosphere (median = 97.2 mmol m-2d-1) but were sources or sinks of CH4 depending on location (-0.19 to 4.57 mmol m-2d-1). CO2 emissions were lower during the drier of two sampling years but were stable from month to month in the drier summer. CO2 and CH4 emissions also varied by both corridor and patch type; the presence of a riparian wetland in the corridor had the strongest impact on emissions. Wetland patches emitted more CO2 and CH4 (246 and 1.95 mmol m-2d-1, respectively) than their adjacent streams. High resolution sampling of carbon fluxes from patches within and among stream corridors improves our understanding of the connections between terrestrial, riparian, and aquatic zones in a watershed and their contributions to overall catchment carbon emissions.

Subject Keywords

Resource Level Coverage

Spatial

Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
Coweeta
North Latitude
35.0742°
East Longitude
-83.3972°
South Latitude
35.0262°
West Longitude
-83.4964°

Temporal

Start Date:
End Date:

Content

How to Cite

Bretz, K., A. Jackson, S. Rahman, J. Monroe, E. Hotchkiss (2021). IntegratingEcosystemPatchContributionsStreamCO2CH4_Data, HydroShare, https://doi.org/10.4211/hs.ab2b33f27b3b4a0ca9a8ce4b8936753f

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.

 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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