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GroMoPo Metadata for Almiros and Lilea spring karst model

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Created: Feb 07, 2023 at 7:10 p.m.
Last updated: Feb 07, 2023 at 7:11 p.m.
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A multicell groundwater model was constructed to investigate the potential improvement in the modelling of karstic aquifers by using a mixed equation suitable for both the free surface and pressure flow conditions in karstic conduits. To estimate the model parameters the shuffled complex evolution (SCE) optimisation method was used. This ensured a fast and objective model calibration. The model was applied to two real-world karstic aquifers and it became clear that in case of absence of water level measurements, the use of the mixed equation did not improved the performance. In cases where both spring discharge and water level measurements were available, the use of the mixed equation proved to be advantageous in reproducing the features of the observed time series especially of the water level. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Subject Keywords



Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
North Latitude
East Longitude
South Latitude
West Longitude


Additional Metadata

Name Value
DOI 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.10.021
Purpose 3D Karstic Flow Model
GroMoPo_ID 94
IsVerified True
Model Code 3dkflow
Model Link
Model Time
Model Year 2006
Model Authors E. Rozos, D. Koutsoyiannis
Model Country Greece
Data Available Report/paper only
Developer Email
Dominant Geology Carbonate (including karst)
Developer Country Greece
Publication Title A multicell karstic aquifer model with alternative flow equations
Original Developer No
Additional Information 3dkflow was built and used for hydrological simulations in karstic catchments
Integration or Coupling MODFLOW
Evaluation or Calibration Shuffled complex evolution (SCE) and mix of spring discharge and water level measurements
Geologic Data Availability

How to Cite

GroMoPo, M. Jones (2023). GroMoPo Metadata for Almiros and Lilea spring karst model, HydroShare,

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.


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