Optical properties of dissolved carbon in a high elevation tropical peatland ecosystem


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Created: Jun 03, 2021 at 12:58 p.m.
Last updated: Jun 03, 2021 at 1:15 p.m.
DOI: 10.4211/hs.d001620c2f104a0891dc18825ea2fe31
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Abstract

Tropical peatlands are distributed mainly in coastal lowlands; however high elevation regions include a large prevalence of small and fragmented peatlands that are mostly understudied. Anthropogenic pressure to expand cattle farming, agriculture, and urbanization frontiers via artificial drainage of peatlands is increasing carbon losses to the atmosphere and streams. Here we present, the first characterization of dissolved carbon optical properties in ombrotrophic peat bogs of the Talamanca range of Costa Rica, across an altitudinal gradient (2,400-3,100 m asl) during the rainy season. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) sources and decomposition processes were evaluated in the light of dissolved organic and inorganic carbon (DOC and DIC), optical properties, excitation-emission matrices (EEMs), and major water chemistry. DOC concentrations ranged from 0.2 mg/L up to 47.0 mg/L, with a mean value of 12.5 ± 10.2 mg/L. DIC concentrations were below 2 mg/L and δ13CDIC values indicated a mixture between soil organic matter, CO2 in soil water, and in less degree DIC derived from bacterial CO2. Fluorescence intensity of humic-like peaks was 6-7 times greater than fresh-like peaks across all sites. Fluorescence peak ratios coupled with the biological and humification indexes point to a greater relative contribution of recalcitrant soil-derived DOM. EEMs denoted a high prevalence of humic and fulvic acids in the peat bogs, with particular high intensities in soluble microbial by-products-like and aromatic protein regions at three sites. Rainfall variability plays a remarkable role in controlling (acid and anoxic conditions) carbon storage and humification processes. Our data provides a baseline to underpin tropical carbon dynamics across high elevation peatlands.

Subject Keywords

Resource Level Coverage

Spatial

Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
Cerro de la Muerte
Longitude
-83.8868°
Latitude
9.6472°

Temporal

Start Date:
End Date:

Content

Credits

Funding Agencies

This resource was created using funding from the following sources:
Agency Name Award Title Award Number
IAEA Isotope Techniques for the Evaluation of Water Sources for Domestic Water Supply in Urban Areas CRP- F33024
IAEA Ensuring water security and sustainability of Costa Rica COS7005
Universidad Nacional From mountains to Cities 0482-13, 0122-13, 0378-14, 0101-14, 0332-18, 0339-18, 0417-17, 0051-17, FECTE-2018, 0487-20

How to Cite

Sánchez-Murillo, R., P. Gastezzi, R. Sánchez-Gutiérrez, G. Esquivel-Hernández, R. Pérez-Salazar (2021). Optical properties of dissolved carbon in a high elevation tropical peatland ecosystem, HydroShare, https://doi.org/10.4211/hs.d001620c2f104a0891dc18825ea2fe31

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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