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GroMoPo Metadata for Western San Joaquin Valley model calibration

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Created: Feb 08, 2023 at 3:13 a.m.
Last updated: Feb 08, 2023 at 3:13 a.m.
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The occurrence of selenium in agricultural drain water from the western San Joaquin Valley, California, has focused concern on the semiconfined ground-water flow system, which is underlain by the Corcoran Clay Member of the Tulare Formation. A two-step procedure is used to calibrate a preliminary model of the system for the purpose of determining the steady-state hydraulic properties. Horizontal and vertical hydraulic conductivities are modeled as functions of the percentage of coarse sediment, hydraulic conductivities of coarse-textured (K(coarse)) and fine-textured (K(fine)) end members, and averaging methods used to calculate equivalent hydraulic conductivities. The vertical conductivity of the Corcoran (K(corc)) is an additional parameter to be evaluated. In the first step of the calibration procedure, the model is run by systematically varying the following variables: (1) K(coarse)/K(fine), (2) K(coarse)/K(corc), and (3) choice of averaging methods in the horizontal and vertical directions. Root mean square error and bias values calculated from the model results are functions of these variables. These measures of error provide a means for evaluating model sensitivity and for selecting values of K(coarse), K(fine), and K(corc) for use in the second step of the calibration procedure. In the second step, recharge rates are evaluated as functions of K(coarse), K(corc), and a combination of averaging methods. The associated K(fine) values are selected so that the root mean square error is minimized on the basis of the results from the first step. The results of the two-step procedure indicate that the spatial distribution of hydraulic conductivity that best produces the measured hydraulic head distribution is created through the use of arithmetic averaging in the horizontal direction and either geometric or harmonic averaging in the vertical direction. The equivalent hydraulic conductivities resulting from either combination of averaging methods compare favorably to field- and laboratory-based values.

Subject Keywords



Coordinate System/Geographic Projection:
WGS 84 EPSG:4326
Coordinate Units:
Decimal degrees
Place/Area Name:
United States
North Latitude
East Longitude
South Latitude
West Longitude


Additional Metadata

Name Value
DOI 10.1111/j.1745-6584.1991.tb00562.x
Depth 30.5
Scale 1 001 - 10 000 km²
Layers 2-5 layers
Purpose Groundwater resources;Scientific investigation (not related to applied problem)
GroMoPo_ID 156
IsVerified True
Model Code MODFLOW
Model Link
Model Time SS
Model Year 1990
Model Authors S. Phillips, K. Belitz
Model Country United States
Data Available Report/paper only
Developer Email
Dominant Geology Unconsolidated sediments
Developer Country United States
Original Developer No
Additional Information Model to investigate groundwater flow in the San Joaquin Valley of California, USA. Authors model K values as functions of the percentage of a fine vs coarse grained sediment.
Integration or Coupling
Evaluation or Calibration Dynamic water levels
Geologic Data Availability

How to Cite

GroMoPo, K. Compare (2023). GroMoPo Metadata for Western San Joaquin Valley model calibration, HydroShare,

This resource is shared under the Creative Commons Attribution CC BY.


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