RCCZO -- Soil Biogeochemistry, Vegetation, Precipitation -- Carbon Storage in Cold Desert Ecosystems -- Salmon Challis National Forest -- (2012-2012)


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Abstract

Dryland ecosystems are experiencing more variability and extremes in rainfall and disproportionate shifts in plant community composition, both likely to alter soil carbon (C) cycling and storage. Despite these trends, we lack long-term experimental data that facilitates predicting shifts in ecosystem function with climate change. This dataset records changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) and inorganic carbon (SIC) storage in the top 1 m of soil profiles following 19 years of experimental manipulation of rainfall and vegetation within a cold-desert ecosystem. A split plot design was employed (n = 3) and included 1) contrasting vegetation types (split plots), either native Artemisia tridentata spp. tridentata (big sagebrush) communities or monocultures of Agropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass), a non-native bunchgrass, and 2) manipulations of spring/fall or summer rainfall (whole plots). We further stratified the plots by under-plant vs. inter-plant patches. Soil C responses to long-term rainfall treatments varied by vegetation type. Long-term summer rainfall treatments significantly increased both SOC and SIC pools under A. tridentata, with total carbon (TC) pools 1.15 × ambient controls (P = 0.02). Carbon pools in spring/fall rainfall treatments significantly decreased, with TC pools 0.80 × ambient (P = 0.05) due to losses of inorganic carbon. In contrast, A. cristatum increased in SOC but lost SIC in response to both summer and spring/fall rainfall additions, resulting in no change to a slight gain in TC pools (P = 0.29). Both SOC and SIC pools in inter-plant spaces increased with summer rainfall treatments and decreased with spring/fall rainfall regardless of vegetation type. In contrast to most studies that only examine surface soils (0-0.1 m), our findings indicate that increases in cool-season rainfall will cause A. tridentata communities to become a net C source, whereas A. cristatum monocultures may become C sinks – largely due to tradeoffs between SOC and SIC pools. We conclude that consideration of vegetation type, the entire vertical profile, and both organic and inorganic C forms are imperative to predicting responses of dryland ecosystems to changing climate.

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DOI https://doi.org/10.18122/B2QT3J
Recommended Citation Huber, David P.; Lohse, Kathleen A.; Commendador, Amy; Joy, Stephen; Finney, Bruce; Aho, Ken; and Germino, Matt. (2018). Dataset for Change in Carbon Storage for Cold Desert Ecosystems Controlled by Precipitation Seasonality and Invasive Vegetation [Data set]. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.18122/B2QT3J
BSU ScholarWorks Link https://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/reynoldscreek/9/

Credits

Funding Agencies

This resource was created using funding from the following sources:
Agency Name Award Title Award Number
Geological Society of America Graduate Student Research Grant 9961-12
National Science Foundation Idaho EPSCoR RII EPS-0814387
National Science Foundation Reynolds Creek Critical Zone Observatory EAR-1331872

Contributors

People or Organizations that contributed technically, materially, financially, or provided general support for the creation of the resource's content but are not considered authors.

Name Organization Address Phone Author Identifiers
Idaho National Laboratory
USDA-ARS Northwest Watershed Research Center
Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center US Geological Survey

How to Cite

Huber, D. P., K. A. Lohse, A. Commendador, S. Joy, B. Finney, K. Aho, M. Germino (2020). RCCZO -- Soil Biogeochemistry, Vegetation, Precipitation -- Carbon Storage in Cold Desert Ecosystems -- Salmon Challis National Forest -- (2012-2012), HydroShare, http://www.hydroshare.org/resource/f8788e3c661841a6a72ad7945ddbc16f

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